Download E-books Urdu/Hindi: An Artificial Divide: African Heritage, Mesopotamian roots, Indian Culture & British Colonialism (The Politics of Language) PDF

By Abdul Jamil Khan

In a blow opposed to the British Empire, Khan means that London artificially divided India’s Hindu and Muslim populations by means of splitting their one language in , then burying the facts in vague scholarly works outdoors the general public view. All language is political — and so is the boundary among one language and one other. the writer analyzes the origins of Urdu, one of many earliest identified languages, and propounds the iconoclastic perspectives that, Hindi got here from pre-Aryan Dravidian and Austric-Munda, no longer from Aryan’s Sanskrit (which, just like the Indo-European languages, Greek and Latin, etc., are rooted within the center East/Mesopotamia and never in Europe); Hindi’s script got here from the Aramaic approach, just like Greek, and within the 1800s, the British initiated the divisive video game of splitting one language in , Hindi (for the Hindus) and Urdu (for the Muslims). those proof, he says, were buried and approximately misplaced in turgid educational works. Khan bolsters his speculation with copious technical linguistic examples. this can spark a revolution in linguistic heritage! Urdu/Hindi: a man-made Divide integrates the “out of Africa” linguistic evolution conception with the fossil linguistics of center East, and discards the idea that Sanskrit descended from a hypothetical proto-IndoEuropean language and by way of degeneration created dialects, Urdu/Hindi and others. It exhibits that a number of tribes from the center East created the hybrid through cumulative evolution. The oldest teams, Austric and Dravidian, beginning 8000 B.C. supplied the grammar/syntax plus approximately 60% of vocabulary, SKT additional 10% after 1500 B.C. and Arabic/Persian 20-30% after A.D. 800. The ebook finds Mesopotamia because the linguistic melting pot of Sumerian, Babylonian, Elamite, Hittite-Hurrian-Mitanni, etc., with a standard script and vocabularies shared at the same time and handed directly to IE, SKT, DR, Arabic after which to Hindi/Urdu; actually the writer locates oldest proof of SKT in Syria. The ebook additionally exposes the myths of a “revealed” SKT or Hebrew and the fiction of linguistic races, i.e. Aryan, Semitic, and so forth. The ebook helps the “one international proposal” and divulges the potential for Urdu/Hindi to unite all genetic parts, races and areas of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent. this is often vital examining not just for these to appreciate the divisive exploitation of languages in British-led India’s partition, yet for these attracted to - The technology and heritage of foundation of Urdu/Hindi (and different languages) - The fake claims of “linguistic races and construction” - historical past of Languages and Scripts - Language, Mythology and Racism - historical historical past and Fossil Languages - British Rule and India’s Partition

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Download E-books Secrets of Western Tantra: The Sexuality of the Middle Path PDF

By Christopher S. Hyatt

Such a lot of books on Tantra are vague, obtuse and of little genuine use --- specially for the Western Practioner. eventually there's a e-book which gives an immediate, sincere, pragmatic, no-holds-barred method of the main strong tools for private development and non secular attainment. "Sex is likely one of the strongest forces on this planet and, until eventually it truly is remodeled, the folks and the planet will stay asleep."

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Download E-books Mahatma Gandhi and His Myths: Civil Disobedience, Nonviolence, and Satyagraha in the Real World (Plus Why It's 'Gandhi,' Not 'Ghandi') PDF

By Mark Shepard

********#1 AMAZON.COM BESTSELLER IN conflict & PEACE (JUNE 2013)********
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"All my activities have their resource in my inalienable love of humankind." -- Gandhi
 
Mahatma Gandhi is likely one of the least understood figures of all time -- even between his admirers. during this Annual Gandhi Lecture for the foreign organization of Gandhian experiences, Mark Shepard tackles a few again and again wrong-headed perspectives of Gandhi, delivering us a extra actual photo of the guy and his nonviolence.
 
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"A version of Gandhian journalism. . . . [Shepard] has placed his finger on possible all the well known (and a few much less universal) misconceptions of either Gandhi and his philosophy, together with a few really very important ones. . . . This publication takes little house to hide its subject concisely and good. it might be [some] of the main helpful pages many of us might examine Gandhi." -- worldwide moral sense, July-Sept. 1990
 
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Mark Shepard is the writer of "Mahatma Gandhi and His Myths," "The group of the Ark," and "Gandhi Today," known as by means of the yankee Library Association's Booklist "a masterpiece of devoted reporting." His writings on social choices have seemed in over 30 guides within the usa, Canada, England, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Japan, and India.
 
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SAMPLE
 
I suspect that the majority of the myths and misconceptions surrounding Gandhi need to do with nonviolence. for example, it truly is extraordinary what number of people nonetheless have the concept that nonviolent motion is passive.
 
It's vital for us to be transparent approximately this: there's not anything passive approximately Gandhian nonviolent action.
 
I'm afraid Gandhi himself helped create this confusion through relating his technique firstly as "passive resistance," since it was once in many ways like options bearing that label. yet he quickly replaced his brain and rejected the term.
 
Gandhi's nonviolent motion was once no longer an evasive process nor a protective one. Gandhi used to be consistently at the offensive. He believed in confronting his competitors aggressively, in any such means that they can now not stay away from facing him.
 
But wasn't Gandhi's nonviolent motion designed to prevent violence? sure and no. Gandhi steadfastly refrained from violence towards his rivals. He didn't keep away from violence towards himself or his followers.
 
Gandhi acknowledged that the nonviolent activist, like every soldier, needed to be able to die for the reason. and actually, in the course of India's fight for independence, enormous quantities of Indians have been killed by way of the British.
 
The distinction used to be that the nonviolent activist, whereas keen to die, used to be by no means prepared to kill.
 
Gandhi mentioned 3 attainable responses to oppression and injustice. One he defined because the coward's approach: to simply accept the inaccurate or run clear of it. the second one alternative used to be to face and struggle by means of strength of palms. Gandhi stated this used to be higher than reputation or operating away.
 
But the 3rd approach, he stated, was once better of all and required the main braveness: to face and struggle exclusively by means of nonviolent capability.

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Download E-books Be as You Are: The Teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi (Compass) PDF

By Sri Ramana Maharshi, David Godman

Ramana Maharshi used to be the most major religious lecturers to emerge from India throughout the first 1/2 the century, and is still generally favorite. This fresh number of conversations among him and the various seekers who got here to his ashram for counsel includes the essence of his educating. His main issue all through his lengthy lifetime of providing his adventure to others used to be to persuade his listeners that self-realisation - or enlightenment - isn't really an alien or mysterious kingdom, however the average situation of guy. This kingdom may be simply stumbled on by means of project the self-investigation truly defined in those talks. The lucid directions to every part offer extra illumination of this better seer's message.

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Download E-books Renowned Goddess of Desire: Women, Sex, and Speech in Tantra PDF

By Loriliai Biernacki

Tantra is a family members of rituals modeled on these of the Vedas and their attendant texts and lineages. those rituals in general contain the visualization of a deity, choices, and the chanting of his or her mantra. universal adaptations comprise visualizing the deity within the act of sexual union with a consort, visualizing oneself because the deity, and "transgressive" acts similar to token intake of meat or alcohol. such a lot notoriously, non-standard or ritualized intercourse is usually practiced. This money owed for Tantra's destructive acceptance in a few quarters and its reception within the West basically as a suite of sexual practices.
Although a few this day extol Tantra's freeing characteristics, the position of ladies is still debatable. routinely there are perspectives of ladies and Tantra. both the female is a metaphor and real girls are altogether absent, or Tantra comprises the transgressive use of women's our bodies to serve male pursuits. Loriliai Biernacki provides another view, during which ladies are respected, worshipped, and thought of priceless of religious attainment. Her fundamental resources are a set of 8 particularly glossy Tantric texts written in Sanskrit from the fifteenth in the course of the 18th century. Her research of those texts unearths a view of girls that's often optimistic and empowering. She specializes in 4 themes: 1) the "Kali Practice," within which ladies look not just as gadgets of reverence yet as practitioners and experts; 2) the Tantric intercourse ceremony, in particular within the case that, opposite to different Tantric texts, the choice is for better halves as ritual consorts; three) female language and the gendered implications of mantra; and four) photographs of male violence in the direction of girls in tantric myths. Biernacki, via deciding on to examine 8 specific Sanskrit texts, argues that in the culture of Tantra there exists a illustration of girls during which the feminine is an authoritative, robust, equivalent player within the Tantric ritual practice.

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Download E-books India Seen from the East: Indian and Indigenous Cults in Champa (Second Revised Edition) (Monash Papers on Southeast Asia) PDF

Paul Mus (1902-1969) - a historian of faith in India and historic Southeast Asia - has had a profound impact on generations of students. India noticeable from the East attracts upon his fieldwork one of the Cham humans of Vietnam: remnants of a society that had as soon as boasted a flourishing Indian-style tradition, yet got here to be recognized merely via ruins, spiritual sculptures, and fractured people thoughts. The contents of this ebook have been first released in 1933 in a French educational magazine ('L'Inde vue de l'Est. Cultes indiens et indigenes au Champa', Bulletin de l'ecole francaise d'Extreme-Orient, XXXIII, no 1:367-410). This revised version (the unique English translation was once released in 1975 and in line with the Mus's lectures) may be the main influential of Mus's guides. It vividly justifies his conviction that - within the eyes of the Chams - 'folk' and 'Indian' have been one and a similar. This version incorporates a new creation and supplemental fabric: a finished bibliography of the works of Paul Mus and illustrations now not released because the unique in 1933.

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Download E-books Criminal Gods and Demon Devotees: Essays on the Guardians of Popular Hinduism PDF

By Alf Hiltebeitel

The Hindu sacred order is guarded through the very gods who violate it and the demons who oppose it. This ebook is a who is who of such transgressive figures, either commonplace and unusual, displaying their position in the Hindu order that they violate. it's also a mirrored image of the intense scholarly debate over the character and composition of this Hindu order.

The chapters diversity from pan-Hindu deities similar to Bhairava and Virabhadra to parent gods of particular areas and lineages and of alternative goddess cults. Chapters conceal violent topics in SAaivite hagiography, the location of Brahmans on the subject of cultic carnivorism, father or mother heroes in people epic, the deified useless, the royal mythology of a "criminal caste," and a wide-ranging assessment of transgressive sacrality.

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